Communicating with Other Fragments

  次阅读 作者:智能小宝 来源:互联网 2015-09-29 10:59 我要评论(0)

In order to reuse the Fragment UI components, you should build each as a completely self-contained, modular component that defines its own layout and behavior. Once you have defined these reusable Fragments, you can associate them with an Activity and connect them with the application logic to realize the overall composite UI.

Often you will want one Fragment to communicate with another, for example to change the content based on a user event. All Fragment-to-Fragment communication is done through the associated Activity. Two Fragments should never communicate directly.

Define an Interface

To allow a Fragment to communicate up to its Activity, you can define an interface in the Fragment class and implement it within the Activity. The Fragment captures the interface implementation during its onAttach() lifecycle method and can then call the Interface methods in order to communicate with the Activity.

Here is an example of Fragment to Activity communication:

public class HeadlinesFragment extends ListFragment {

OnHeadlineSelectedListener mCallback;

// Container Activity must implement this interface

public interface OnHeadlineSelectedListener {

public void onArticleSelected(int position);

}

@Override

public void onAttach(Activity activity) {

super.onAttach(activity);

// This makes sure that the container activity has implemented

// the callback interface. If not, it throws an exception

try {

mCallback = (OnHeadlineSelectedListener) activity;

} catch (ClassCastException e) {

throw new ClassCastException(activity.toString()

+ " must implement OnHeadlineSelectedListener");

}

}

...

}

Now the fragment can deliver messages to the activity by calling the onArticleSelected() method (or other methods in the interface) using the mCallback instance of the OnHeadlineSelectedListener interface.

For example, the following method in the fragment is called when the user clicks on a list item. The fragment uses the callback interface to deliver the event to the parent activity.

@Override

public void onListItemClick(ListView l, View v, int position, long id) {

// Send the event to the host activity

mCallback.onArticleSelected(position);

}

Implement the Interface

In order to receive event callbacks from the fragment, the activity that hosts it must implement the interface defined in the fragment class.

For example, the following activity implements the interface from the above example.

public static class MainActivity extends Activity

implements HeadlinesFragment.OnHeadlineSelectedListener{

...

public void onArticleSelected(int position) {

// The user selected the headline of an article from the HeadlinesFragment

// Do something here to display that article

}

本站文章信息来源于网络以及网友投稿,本站只负责对文章进行整理、排版、编辑,是出于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同其观点或证实其内容的真实性。如果您有什么意见或建议,请联系QQ28-1688-302!

人工智能实验室
相关文章相关文章
  • 英国研发“杀生”机器人 通过生命体获取能量

    英国研发“杀生”机器人 通过生命体获取能量

  • 无人驾驶汽车如何改变城市生活?听听他们怎么说

    无人驾驶汽车如何改变城市生活?听听他们怎么说

  • 韩春雨称已能重复实验结果 近期将有消息公布

    韩春雨称已能重复实验结果 近期将有消息公布

  • 未来两年人工智能要怎么走?看这篇就够了

    未来两年人工智能要怎么走?看这篇就够了

网友点评网友点评
阅读推荐阅读推荐

据国外媒体报道,在过去两年内,聊天机器人(chatbot)、人工智能以及机器学习的研发和采用取得了巨大进展。许多初创公司正利用人工智能和...

霍金 视觉中国 图 英国著名物理学家霍金(Stephen Hawking)再次就人工智能(AI)发声,他认为:对于人类来说,强大AI的出现可能是最美妙的...

文|郑娟娟 今年,人工智能(AI) 60岁了。在AI60岁的时候,笔者想要介绍一下AI100,一个刚刚2岁的研究项目,但它的预设寿命是100年,甚至更长...

AlphaGo与李世石的人机大战,为大众迅速普及了人工智能的概念。 但对谷歌而言,除了下围棋,现在的人工智能进展到哪一步了?未来,人工智能...