(Android) Download Images by AsyncTask API

  次阅读 作者:智能小宝 来源:互联网 2016-01-14 12:42 我要评论(0)

1. Check network status

AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-sdk> ... </>

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />

<application>

MainActivity.java

public boolean isNetworkAvailable() {

ConnectivityManager connectivityManager

= (ConnectivityManager) getSystemService(Context.CONNECTIVITY_SERVICE);

NetworkInfo activeNetworkInfo = connectivityManager.getActiveNetworkInfo();

return activeNetworkInfo != null && activeNetworkInfo.isConnected();

}

2. Extends AsyncTask to download images.

Normally, we create mutl-thread which is used to download images.

AsyncTask enables proper and easy use of the UI thread. This class allows to perform background operations and publish results on the UI thread without having to manipulate threads and/or handlers.

AsyncTask is designed to be a helper class around Thread andHandler and does not constitute a generic threading framework. AsyncTasks should ideally be used for short operations (a few seconds at the most.) If you need to keep threads running for long periods of time, it is highly recommended you use the various APIs provided by thejava.util.concurrent pacakge such as Executor, ThreadPoolExecutor andFutureTask.

An asynchronous task is defined by a computation that runs on a background thread and whose result is published on the UI thread. An asynchronous task is defined by 3 generic types, calledParams, Progress and Result, and 4 steps, called onPreExecute, doInBackground,onProgressUpdate andonPostExecute.

public class ImageDownload extends AsyncTask<String, Integer, Boolean> {

private ImageView view;

private Bitmap img;

public ImageDownload(ImageView view) {

this.view = view;

}

@Override

protected Boolean doInBackground(String... urls) {

try {

URL imageUrl = new URL(urls[0]);

URLConnection conn = imageUrl.openConnection();

img = BitmapFactory.decodeStream(conn.getInputStream());

} catch (MalformedURLException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

return false;

} catch (IOException e) {

e.printStackTrace();

return false;

}

return true;

}

@Override

protected void onPostExecute(Boolean downloadResult) {

if (downloadResult) {

view.setImageBitmap(img);

}

}

protected void onProgressUpdate(Integer... progress) {

//Set progress

}

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